Police have begun the process of trying to identify 39 bodies found in a refrigerated lorry trailer in Essex.
The trailer arrived in Purfleet on the River Thames from Zeebrugge, Belgium, at about 00: 30 BST.
Ambulance staff discovered the bodies in the unit just over an hour later at Waterglade Industrial Park in Grays.
The lorry driver, named locally as Mo Robinson, 25, from Portadown, County Armagh, Northern Ireland, is being questioned by police.
Deputy Chief Constable of Essex Police Pippa Mills said the vehicle had been moved to a secure site at Tilbury Docks so the bodies of the 38 adults and one teenager could be “recovered while preserving the dignity of the victims”.
She said identifying the deceased remained a “priority” but was expected to be a “lengthy process”.
Police said the tractor unit (the front part of the lorry) came from Northern Ireland and picked up the trailer from Purfleet.
The tractor and trailer then left the port shortly after 01: 05 and officers were called around 30 minutes later when ambulance staff made the grim discovery.
Police have appealed for witnesses and anyone with information about the lorry’s route to contact them.
The National Crime Agency said it had sent officers to assist and identify any “organised crime groups who may have played a part”.
A spokesman for the Bulgarian foreign affairs ministry said the truck was registered in the country under the name of a company owned by an Irish citizen.
He said it was “highly unlikely” the deceased were Bulgarians.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said it was an “unimaginable tragedy and truly heartbreaking”.
Speaking at Prime Minister’s Questions, he said: “I know that the thoughts and prayers of all members will be with those who lost their lives and their loved ones.
“I’m receiving regular updates. The Home Office will work closely with Essex Police as we establish exactly what has happened.”
Electrical cars EV Tricky task of catching the people smugglers
Since the Calais migrant camps were shut three years ago and security measures were increased at Dover and the Channel Tunnel, people smugglers have increasingly moved to other routes.
Asked which ports are being used, the National Crime Agency told me: “All of them.”
More dangerous methods are being used to get human cargo through.
The most common one is being hidden in the back of a lorry, but increasingly commercial shipping containers are being used, sometimes even refrigerated ones of the type seen on the back of the truck in Essex.
Risks are substantial for the migrants, who can pay £10,000 or more for a space on these vehicles.
While working for a subsidiary of multinational giant Unilever in Bedfordshire in 1982, Prof Shanks developed new technology to measure the concentration of glucose in blood and other liquids.
Using plastic film and glass slides from his daughter’s toy microscope kit and bulldog clips to hold it together, he built the first prototype of what is now known as the electrochemical capillary fill device (ECFD).
His ECFD technology eventually appeared in most glucose testing products, which are used by diabetics to monitor their condition.
Electrical cars EV ‘Thirteen-year slog’
Prof Shanks first applied for compensation in 2006 but lost every step in his legal battle until it reached the Supreme Court.
On Wednesday, the court unanimously ruled that Prof Shanks’s invention had provided his former employer with an “outstanding benefit” for which he should receive compensation.
Judge Lord Kitchin said the rewards Unilever enjoyed “were substantial and significant” and Prof Shanks was entitled to a “fair share” of the company’s net benefit of around £24m from the patents.
Speaking after the ruling, Prof Shanks, who lives near Dundee, said he was pleased his “13-year slog” to get compensation was over.
However, the 72-year-old told the BBC the legal battle was not “without its costs” and had caused him a great deal of stress.
“In 2007 I had a heart attack – which wasn’t at all helped by the strain I was under,” he added.
However, he said his persistence was driven by a desire to help future inventors, rather than for his own financial reward, adding that most of the compensation would go towards his legal costs.
“I would much prefer that employee inventors believe that if they do something that turns out to be really profitable and significant, they may actually stand a chance of getting an award,” he said.
When he first applied for compensation, he said not one employee inventor had benefitted from the provisions of the Patents Act, introduced 30 years earlier.
The Act entitles workers who invent something from which their employer gains an “outstanding benefit” to a “fair share” of these benefits.
Prof Shanks added that he felt great pride for his invention which he said had probably helped several hundred million people living with diabetes.
Outlining the background to the case, Lord Kitchin said Prof Shanks accepted that the rights to his inventions belonged to Unilever, but argued that he was still entitled to compensation.
The judge said Prof Shanks’ ECFD technology became something most significant companies in the field were willing to pay millions of pounds to use.
Prof Shanks had argued at an earlier hearing that, while Unilever ultimately received around £24m from the patents, the company could have earned royalties for “as much as one billion US dollars” had his invention been “fully exploited”.
A spokesperson for Unilever told the Guardian the company was “disappointed” with the decision to award Dr Shanks “a share of the licence revenue obtained by Unilever in addition to the salary, bonuses and benefits he was compensated with while employed to develop new products for the business.”
Boris Johnson has pulled out of a scheduled appearance before a panel of senior MPs, saying he has to “focus on delivering Brexit”.
The prime minister had been due to be grilled by the Commons liaison committee – made up of the chairs of select committees – on Thursday.
He has asked committee chair Sarah Wollaston for a date “five or six months” from him becoming PM.
Dr Wollaston accused the PM of “refusing to face detailed scrutiny”.
The former Conservative – now Lib Dem – MP said it was the third time the prime minister had cancelled.
In a handwritten note, the PM said: “Dear Sarah, I promised that I will come to the Liaison Committee and I will keep that promise but I am afraid I must now focus on delivering Brexit in the difficult circumstances in which we now find ourselves, and I believe I would be of greater value if I could postpone to a fixed date nearer 5 or 6 months after I became PM, so that my appearance took place after roughly the same period in office as Gordon Brown, David Cameron & Theresa May.
“I do hope you will understand.”
Dr Wollaston, who quit the Conservatives over Mr Johnson’s Brexit policy, expressed “astonishment” that he had cancelled at such short notice.
In her reply to the PM she said: “You are refusing to face detailed scrutiny from select committee chairs tomorrow morning.
“This is the third time that you have postponed or cancelled.”
She added: “Our role as select committee chairs is to ask you detailed questions on behalf of the public and we planned to do so on Brexit, climate change, health and social care. It is unacceptable that you are refusing to be held to account.”
Dr Wollaston released a copy of the PM’s handwritten note to the media.
She also raised the issue in the Commons, where she was joined by other committee chairs – Labour MPs Yvette Cooper and Mary Creagh – in accusing him of avoiding accountability.
But Conservative MP Sir Patrick McLoughlin, a member of the liaison committee, defended the prime minister, saying he “is held to account in this chamber by all members of Parliament” at prime minister’s questions.
Another Conservative MP, Steve Baker, took a swipe at Dr Wollaston, saying it was a “profound injustice” that some MPs were able to keep their “high office” in the select committee system despite abandoning their party.
Dr Wollaston hit back, saying committee chairs were elected by the “whole House of Commons” because they were “trusted” to be impartial.
Deputy Speaker Lindsay Hoyle said he hoped the PM would appear before the committee “at the earliest possible date”, which he said meant “this year, not next year” – unless “other events overtake us”.
Earlier, Hong Kong rallied from 81-6 to post 144-7 in their 20 overs, with Ward taking 3-19 for Jersey.
Jersey’s slower bowlers caused Hong Kong problems in the middle overs and Ward took the crucial wicket of opener Nizakat Khan, who made the most of being dropped on the first ball of the innings to top-score with 48.
Jersey took four wickets in 12 balls, but Scott McKechnie (40 not out) and Waqas Barkat (22) put on 61 for the seventh wicket to ensure Hong Kong posted a competitive total.
Group B is delicately poised, with four teams within two points of leaders Canada.
Jersey, who stay third in the group, have remaining matches against Ireland on Friday and Oman on Sunday, with the top four in each group going through to the knockout phase.
Six of the 14 competing teams in the United Arab Emirates will qualify for the next T20 World Cup, which takes place in Australia in October 2020.
Welsh Labour and Plaid Cymru members were among those rejecting the plan.
Cardiff Central MP Jo Stevens said it was “the right result in the national interest”.
But MPs did back the general principle of the Brexit bill, passing its second reading.
Andrew RT Davies, a Welsh Conservative Brexiteer AM, said it was a “big moment as after three years Parliament finally backs something”.
“But then the game-playing returns almost immediately with a vote for yet more prevarication and delay.”
The vote comes after the Welsh Assembly voted against Boris Johnson’s deal – with first minister Mark Drakeford calling for AMs to go further and formally refuse consent for the bill.
Liz Saville Roberts, Plaid Cymru’s parliamentary leader, said the delay gave “more opportunity to release the economic impact assessments”.
After the vote, the prime minister told the Commons he would “pause” his legislation until the EU had “stated their intentions”.
He sent a letter, as required by the Benn Act, requested an extension to the Brexit date of 31 October earlier this week.
Mr Johnson told MPs he was “disappointed” they had “voted for delay”, and said the UK “now faced further uncertainty”.
But he said his policy remained that Brexit would go ahead at the end of the month, but added: “One way or another, we will leave the EU with this deal to which this House has just given its assent.”
Welsh MPs opposing the timetable included Jane Dodds, for the Liberal Democrats, and former Welsh Conservative MP Guto Bebb.
All six Tory MPs backed the timetable, including former Brexiteer rebel David Jones who joined party colleagues in backing the second reading, which was opposed by Welsh Labour and Plaid Cymru, Mr Bebb and Ms Dodds.
Mr Jones had voted against Theresa May’s Brexit deal three times. Stephen Kinnock, a Labour MP who has talked about supporting a deal, voted against the time table and the second reading.
Plaid’s Jonathan Edwards said: “Tonight’s defeat of the British Government was a victory for democracy. By choosing to pause the Bill, the Prime Minister is doing more to delay Brexit than anyone else.”
Number 10 had wanted MPs to allow the bill to pass through Parliament in the space of three days.
Boris Johnson said he will now “pause” the legislation and speak to EU leaders about a delay to the Brexit deadline.
The prime minister was forced to ask for an extension, but unless the EU grants one, the UK is due to leave the EU with no deal on 31 October.
The DUP voted against both the government’s Brexit deal and against the timetable for putting it through Parliament.
The party’s chief whip, Sir Jeffrey Donaldson, said MPs needed “much more time” to scrutinise the bill, which the government wanted to push through Parliament in the course of this week.
DUP deputy leader Nigel Dodds said MPs had made a “very wise” decision to vote down the timetable, also known as a programme motion.
Electrical cars EV ‘Great quest’
Mr Dodds addressed the PM directly and asked him to sit down with the DUP to discuss the detail in the Brexit bill.
“Talk to us again about what can be done at this late stage to ensure we join in this great quest together to get Brexit done, but as one United Kingdom,” he said.
Independent Unionist Lady Hermon, MP for North Down, also voted against the timetable motion.
It means that all Northern Ireland MPs who take their seats in the chamber voted to oppose the government on two fronts on Tuesday night.
Sinn Féin has seven MPs but they abstain from taking their seats in the House of Commons.
Reacting to the results, Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) Leo Varadkar tweeted: “It’s welcome that the House of Commons voted by a clear majority in favour of legislation needed to enact Withdrawal Agreement.
“We will now await further developments from London and Brussels about next steps including timetable for the legislation and the need for an extension.”
The European Commission’s chief spokeswoman said her organisation takes note” of the results of the Westminster vote and “expects the UK government to inform us about the next step”.
She added that the President of the European Council Donald Tusk “is consulting leaders on the UK’s request for an extension until 31 January 2020”.